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سن اليأس

Menopause

 
 
     
 
 

 
 
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Keywords

menopause, estrogen, progesterone, ovulation, menstrual period, menstruation, postmenopause, perimenopause, hot flash, night sweat, osteoporosis, Phytoestrogens, hormone replacement therapy, estrogen replacement therapy, bmrepf

Overview *

Menopause is the time in a woman's life when her period stops. It usually occurs naturally, most often after age 45. Menopause happens because the woman's ovary stops producing the hormones estrogen and progesterone.

A woman has reached menopause when she has not had a period for one year. Changes and symptoms can start several years earlier. They include:
- A change in periods - shorter or longer, lighter or heavier, with more or less time in between
- Hot flashes and/or night sweats
- Trouble sleeping
- Vaginal dryness
- Mood swings
- Trouble focusing
- Less hair on head, more on face

Some symptoms require treatment. Talk to your doctor about how to best manage menopause. Make sure the doctor knows your medical history and your family medical history. This includes whether you are at risk for heart disease, osteoporosis, or breast cancer.

 
 

In-Depth

Introduction | Anatomy
Menopause | Estrogen
Signs & Symptoms | Coping
Postmenopause | Supplements
Summary

 
 

Multimedia

This health education program explains menopause and the different stages as the levels of hormones change in the body. The program discusses the signs of menopause and what can be done to cope with them. The health effects of reduced estrogen level during postmenopause are explained and alternative hormonal therapy options are presented.

This button allows you to read and print an illustrated handout This button starts a multimedia program with interactive questions

This button allows you to read and print an illustrated handout

This button starts a multimedia program with interactive questions

This button allows you to read and print an illustrated handout.

This button starts a multimedia program with interactive questions.

   
This button starts an interactive quiz This button plays a self-running presentation

This button starts an interactive quiz

This button plays a self-running presentation

This button starts an interactive quiz.


This button plays a self-running presentation.


Last reviewed: 4/17/2008

 
     
 

.Selected topic overviews were adapted from Medlineplus, the National Library of Medicine *

 
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