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Breast Cancer

 
 
     
 
 

 
 
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Keywords

Breast Cancer, women health, malignant tumor, radiation therapy, female reproductive system

Overview *

Breast cancer affects one in eight women during their lives. No one knows why some women get breast cancer, but there are a number of risk factors.

Risks that you cannot change include:
- Age - the chance of getting breast cancer rises as a woman gets older
- Genes - there are two genes, BRCA1 and BRCA2, that greatly increase the risk. Women who have family members with breast or ovarian cancer may wish to be tested.
- Personal factors - beginning periods before age 12 or going through menopause after age 55

Other risks include being overweight, using hormone replacement therapy, taking birth control pills, drinking alcohol, not having children or having your first child after age 35 or having dense breasts.

Symptoms of breast cancer may include a lump in the breast, a change in size or shape of the breast or discharge from a nipple. Breast self-exam and mammography can help find breast cancer early when it is most treatable. Treatment may consist of radiation, lumpectomy, mastectomy, chemotherapy and hormone therapy.

Men can have breast cancer, too, but the number of cases is small.

 
 

In-Depth

Introduction | Cancer & its Causes
Breast Anatomy | Breast Cancer
Signs & Symptoms | Diagnosis
Staging | Surgery
Treatment Options

 
 

Multimedia

This patient education program will help you understand the diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer. The lesson covers anatomy, symptoms, causes, surgical treatment and other treatment options.

This button allows you to read and print an illustrated handout This button starts a multimedia program with interactive questions

This button allows you to read and print an illustrated handout

This button starts a multimedia program with interactive questions

This button allows you to read and print an illustrated handout.

This button starts a multimedia program with interactive questions.

   
This button starts an interactive quiz This button plays a self-running presentation

This button starts an interactive quiz

This button plays a self-running presentation

This button starts an interactive quiz.


This button plays a self-running presentation.


Last reviewed: 12/28/2007

 
     
 

.Selected topic overviews were adapted from Medlineplus, the National Library of Medicine *

 
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