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Parkinson's Disease

 
 
     
 
 

 
 
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Keywords

Parkinson's Disease, muscle control, brain, tremor, shaking, movements, bmbody, nerve system

Overview *

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a type of movement disorder. It happens when nerve cells in the brain don't produce enough of a brain chemical called dopamine. Sometimes it is genetic, but most cases do not seem to run in families. Exposure to chemicals in the environment might play a role.

Symptoms begin gradually, often on one side of the body. Later they affect both sides. They include:
- Trembling of hands, arms, legs, jaw and face.
- Stiffness of the arms, legs and trunk.
- Slowness of movement.
- Poor balance and coordination.

As symptoms get worse, people with the disease may have trouble walking, talking or doing simple tasks. They may also have problems such as depression, sleep problems, or trouble chewing, swallowing or speaking.

Parkinson's disease is also known as PD. Medications are the main treatment for Parkinson's disease. A surgery known as a pallidotomy may be necessary in some cases to help control some of the symptoms of PD.

 
 

In-Depth

Introduction | Anatomy
Symptoms | Treatment
Summary

 
 

Multimedia

This patient education program will help you understand Parkinson's Disease and the various treatment options. The program covers anatomy symptoms and causes.

This button allows you to read and print an illustrated handout This button starts a multimedia program with interactive questions

This button allows you to read and print an illustrated handout

This button starts a multimedia program with interactive questions

This button allows you to read and print an illustrated handout.

This button starts a multimedia program with interactive questions.

   
This button starts an interactive quiz This button plays a self-running presentation

This button starts an interactive quiz

This button plays a self-running presentation

This button starts an interactive quiz.


This button plays a self-running presentation.


Last reviewed: 3/26/2008

 
     
 

.Selected topic overviews were adapted from Medlineplus, the National Library of Medicine *

 
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