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مرض السكري

Diabetes - Introduction

 
 
     
 
 

 
 
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Keywords

Diabetes - Introduction; sugar; glucose; receptors; insulin; type 1; type 2; blood sugar level; lancet; hyperglycemia; hypoglycemia; diabetic neuropathy; diabetic retinopathy, bmbody

Overview *

Diabetes is a disease in which your blood glucose, or sugar, levels are too high. Glucose comes from the foods you eat. Insulin is a hormone that helps the glucose get into your cells to give them energy. With Type 1 diabetes, your body does not make insulin. With Type 2 diabetes, the more common type, your body does not make or use insulin well. Without enough insulin, the glucose stays in your blood.

Over time, having too much glucose in your blood can cause serious problems. It can damage your eyes, kidneys, and nerves. Diabetes can also cause heart disease, stroke and even the need to remove a limb. Pregnant women can also get diabetes, called gestational diabetes.

Symptoms of Type 2 diabetes may include:
- fatigue
- thirst
- weight loss
- blurred vision
- and frequent urination

Some people have no symptoms. A blood test can show if you have diabetes. Exercise, weight control and sticking to your meal plan can help control your diabetes. You should also monitor your glucose level and take medicine if prescribed.

 
 

In-Depth

Introduction | What is Diabetes
Signs & Symptoms | Treatment Options
Controlling Diabetes | Hyperglycemia
Complications | Summary

 
 

Multimedia

This patient education program explains the treatment of diabetes and its complications. The program begins with an introduction to diabetes, and then discusses the pathophysiology of diabetes, its signs and symptoms, treatment options, controlling diabetes, hyperglycemia, and hypoglycemia. The program extensively discusses the reasonable complications of diabetes and ends with a short summary of the material covered.

This button allows you to read and print an illustrated handout This button starts a multimedia program with interactive questions

This button allows you to read and print an illustrated handout

This button starts a multimedia program with interactive questions

This button allows you to read and print an illustrated handout.

This button starts a multimedia program with interactive questions.

   
This button starts an interactive quiz This button plays a self-running presentation

This button starts an interactive quiz

This button plays a self-running presentation

This button starts an interactive quiz.


This button plays a self-running presentation.


Last reviewed: 7/8/2008

 
     
 

.Selected topic overviews were adapted from Medlineplus, the National Library of Medicine *

 
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