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مرض السكري

Diabetes - Introduction

 
 
     
 
 

 
 
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Keywords

Diabetes - Introduction; sugar; glucose; receptors; insulin; type 1; type 2; blood sugar level; lancet; hyperglycemia; hypoglycemia; diabetic neuropathy; diabetic retinopathy, bmbody

Overview *

Diabetes is a disease that makes it difficult for the cells of the body to get the glucose they need to make energy. There are two ways in which diabetes can make it difficult for the cells of the body to receive adequate amounts of glucose. First, insulin may not be made by the pancreas. Because insulin is needed to "unlock the receptors," glucose cannot enter the cells. Therefore, glucose levels increase in the blood. This is known as Type 1 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes occurs when insulin is present in enough quantities, but there is a decrease in the number of receptors on the cells to allow glucose to enter. Even though insulin is present, it cannot be used effectively, a situation called "Insulin Resistance" and results in high levels of glucose in the blood. Type 2 diabetes is more common than Type 1.

Diabetes is detected when your health care provider finds a high level of sugar in your blood or urine. Diabetes cannot be cured. It can, however, be controlled by keeping the level of glucose in the blood within its normal range. You can control diabetes by:
1.Eating right.
2.Exercising.
3.Monitoring your blood glucose level.
4.Taking prescribed medications.
5.Learning about diabetes.

When you control the level of glucose in your blood, the signs of diabetes become less frequent. You will feel better and have more energy. If you do not follow your diet, exercise, and perform blood glucose tests, serious complications can arise.

 
 

In-Depth

Introduction | What is Diabetes
Signs & Symptoms | Treatment Options
Controlling Diabetes | Hyperglycemia
Complications | Summary

 
 

Multimedia

This patient education program explains the treatment of diabetes and its complications. The program begins with an introduction to diabetes, and then discusses the pathophysiology of diabetes, its signs and symptoms, treatment options, controlling diabetes, hyperglycemia, and hypoglycemia. The program extensively discusses the reasonable complications of diabetes and ends with a short summary of the material covered.

This button allows you to read and print an illustrated handout This button starts a multimedia program with interactive questions

This button allows you to read and print an illustrated handout

This button starts a multimedia program with interactive questions

This button allows you to read and print an illustrated handout.

This button starts a multimedia program with interactive questions.

   
This button starts an interactive quiz This button plays a self-running presentation

This button starts an interactive quiz

This button plays a self-running presentation

This button starts an interactive quiz.


This button plays a self-running presentation.


Last reviewed: 7/8/2008

 
     
 

.Selected topic overviews were adapted from Medlineplus, the National Library of Medicine *

 
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