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Tympanoplasty

 
 
     
 
 

 
 
Other topics: Ear Nose and Throat
 Acoustic Neuroma  
 Cochlear Implants  
 Ear Disorders and Problems  
 Hearing Aids  
 Hearing Loss  
 Meniere's Disease  
 Mouth Disorders  
 Nose Disorders  
 Obstructive Sleep Apnea  
 Otitis Media  
 Otitis Media - Pediatrics  
 Perforated Ear Drum  
 Salivary Gland Disorders  
 Sinus Surgery  
 Sinusitis  
 Snoring  
 Swallowing Disorders  
 Taste and Smell Disorders  
 Temporomandibular Joint Disorders  
 Throat Disorders  
 Tinnitus  
 Tongue Disorders  
 Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy  
 Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy - Pediatrics  
 Tonsils and Adenoids  
 Tracheal Disorders  
 Tracheotomy  
 Voice Disorders  
 
Keywords

Perforated eardrum, ruptured eardrum, ruptured tympanic membrane, perforated tympanic membrane, hole in eardrum, torn eardrum, tympanoplasty

Overview *

Tympanoplasty is a surgical procedure to repair a perforated eardrum. The eardrum is a thin membrane inside the ear at the end of the ear canal. Eardrum perforations are not usually a serious condition. However, they can lead to decreased hearing and frequent ear infections, and may cause a feeling of imbalance. If a ruptured eardrum does not heal on its own and the rupture becomes larger from repeated infections or trauma, it could have serious complications.

These include poor hearing, especially in childhood when sound is vital to the development of speech. Another concern would be the spread of infection from the middle ear to the brain where meningitis or brain abscesses could form. Tympanoplasty is performed under local or general anesthesia.

The surgeon places a tissue patch across the eardrum hole. This provides a bridge where tissue can grow and heal the eardrum. The tissue is usually grafted from the post-auricular fascia - the covering of the muscle tissue from behind your ear.

Special gelfoam is placed around the graft to help hold it in place. If any of the 3 very tiny bones in the ear need to be repaired or moved back into position, your doctor will do this at the same time. Any incisions in the ear are stitched back together and these stitches usually just melt away.

 
 

In-Depth

Introduction | Ear Anatomy
Ear Perforations | Treatment Options
Procedure | Risks
After Surgery | Self-Care
Conclusion

 
 

Multimedia

This patient education program will help you understand what an eardrum perforation is and how tympanoplasty can repair it. It discusses the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, of eardrum perforations. It then presents the treatment options, and the benefits and risks of tympanoplasty. Also included are what to expect and self-care tips for after surgery.

This button allows you to read and print an illustrated handout This button starts a multimedia program with interactive questions

This button allows you to read and print an illustrated handout

This button starts a multimedia program with interactive questions

This button allows you to read and print an illustrated handout.

This button starts a multimedia program with interactive questions.

   
This button starts an interactive quiz This button plays a self-running presentation

This button starts an interactive quiz

This button plays a self-running presentation

This button starts an interactive quiz.


This button plays a self-running presentation.


Last reviewed: 4/30/2008

 
     
 

.Selected topic overviews were adapted from Medlineplus, the National Library of Medicine *

 
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